All About Building Codes

History of building codes in Nigeria- Nigeria Real Estate ...

When people build a house, office or other edifice, they should do so with concern for the final occupants’ safety and well-being. To guarantee their goodwill, builders must conform to local building codes, which cover practically every aspect of a building’s construction and usage. Owners are liable for noncompliance.

Understanding Building Codes

Building codes are a part of municipal regulations and are mandatory reading for engineers, architects and builders. Safety inspectors verify compliance with city codes. If a structural issue arises, a building code interpretation Irvine CA expert can survey the premises and provide a legal opinion. Nowadays, most jurisdictions use the IBC or another “model code”, with local amendments annexed as needed.

A complete building code covers a lot of ground. General building codes specify everything from the height and width of doorways, position of windows, steepness of stairs, and even material composition (banning asbestos, for instance.) Elaborate electrical and mechanical standards are also incorporated, including detailed energy efficiency and utility installation rules.

Fire Codes

Fire codes are subsections of building codes with instructions for lessening the danger of a fire in the building and, failing that, ensuring a safe exit. Among other requirements, fire codes may define a building’s number and placement of egress points. Moreover, said points must be clearly marked and easily accessible for occupants and firefighters. Owners will also be obliged to store basic safety equipment on site, and to install smoke detectors at designated intervals throughout the structure.

Seismic Codes

In earthquake-prone locations, or when a structure’s footprint would produce disastrous consequences upon collapse, building codes have specific chapters to address tremor-related stresses. These involve highly technical mathematical formulas concerning a structure’s load-bearing capabilities. Like the human body, a building works best when weight is evenly distributed across its frame. Certain floors within tall buildings are designed to be flexible, acting as a pivot for the upper part of the structure to sway during strong vibrations.

However complex and overreaching they appear, building codes ensure secure structures which protect tenants and the community, and should, therefore, be respected.